Sommaire

Sciences

professor_atomic_energy_md_wht.

Baron Fortesque
Cecily Fortescue
Charles Legeyt Fortescue
EFK Fortescue
Greg Fortescue
Fortescue group
Jenni Fortescue
John Fortescue Dr
Fortescue latin
Martin Fortescue
Fortescue Magnetite
Michael Fortescue
Mitch Fortescue
Nicolas Fortescue
Peter. W. Fortescue
Rex Fortesque
Fortescue series
Stephen Fortescue
Sue Fortescue
William Fortescue


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Fortescue group (Australie) (Sciences)


Publications relating to the explorations


WOODALL, R., 1985. Limited vision: A personal experience of mining geology and scientific mineral exploration. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 32:231-237.
"In 1957 WMC began its search for a sediment hosted copper deposit in the vast Proterozoic of Australia, a search which would last 19 years and cost $12 million in today's money terms. Our perception at the time dictated that the search be concentrated where there were signs of copper in favourable host rocks - shales like those of the African Copperbelt or lavas like those of Michigan. Limited vision took us to the remote Warburton Ranges, and to the Fortesque Group in the Pilbara. Only when science opened our eyes to the importance of looking for copper where events may have sourced copper did improved vision enable us to see the potential of the Stuart Shelf in South Australia, where tectonics and geophysics subsequently guided us to Australia's greatest ore deposit at Olympic Dam." p232.
(www.linex.com.au)

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Ron Hackney
PhD Student
Department of Geology & Geophysics
The University of Western Australia

rhsidegorge


The Hamersley Province of Western Australia comprises a thick succession (up to 5-6 km) of largely volcanic rocks (Fortescue Group) overlain by a 2.5 km thick succession dominated by banded iron-formation units (Hamersley Group) (e.g. Harmsworth et al., 1990). The province contains an early Proterozoic foreland fold-and-thrust belt that hosts ten percent of known world reserves of iron ore. Renewed company interest in extending ore reserves requires knowledge of the subsurface structural geology, which will be gained by incorporating surface geological data with gravity, magnetic and seismic data. Data from two multi-channel seismic profiles obtained in 1997 (Figure 1) will constrain structural sections through the region, and gravity and magnetic measurements will be used to discriminate between possible alternative subsurface sections. Balanced structural sections across the fold-and-thrust belt will form the basis for an integrated model of the structural evolution of the Hamersley Province.

meharry_sml


The longer of the two seismic lines, situated approximately 100 km west of Newman, begins in gently folded late Archaean to early Proterozoic Hamersley Group rocks close to the undeformed foreland and continues south into a fold belt dominated at all scales by north-verging asymmetric folds. The southern margin of the fold belt is bounded by a major normal fault that brings the younger sedimentary rocks of the late Paleoproterozoic Bresnahan Basin into contact with dolerites of the late Archaean upper Fortescue Group.
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A shorter line, 20 km east of Newman, runs approximately 40 km north-south from Hamersley Group rocks that progressively become more intensely deformed to the south before crossing into the Sylvania Inlier (Figure 1). This Archaean granite-greenstone terrain is juxtaposed against the younger rocks of the Hamersley and Fortescue Groups, and the boundary is interpreted as a south-dipping fault contact involving over-thrusting of basement during formation of the fold-and-thrust belt (Tyler & Thorne, 1990; Tyler, 1991). Geophysical data along this seismic line provide important constraints for modelling the geometry of this important boundary.

Fortesque Latin (Sciences)

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Fortesque in Latin

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
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Prudentius, Pychomachia


 
... et fors innocuo tinxisset sanguine ferrum,
  
  •   ni Ratio armipotens, gentis Leuitidis una
  •   semper fida comes, clipeum obiectasset et atrae
  •   hostis ab incursu claros texisset alumnos.
  •   stant tuti Rationis ope, stant turbine ab omni
  • fortesque animi; uix in cute summa
      inmunes
  •   praestringens paucos tenui de uulnere laedit
  •   cuspis Auaritiae. stupuit Luis inproba castis
  •   heroum iugulis longe sua tela repelli;
  •   ingemit et dictis ardens furialibus infit:
  • ...
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    Csusco1

    Cerne agedum quam parva tuam discrimina vitam
    A cupidis prohibent undis. Non arma ferocem,
    Non vis ulla iuvat. Timidos fortesque severa
    Torquet hiems. Totus fati, totusque deorum es.
    Mox ubi disparibus pendebit puppis in undis
    Alternas subitura vices, & hiantia late
    Aequora terrifico pandent sua viscera fundo,
    Quam posces miserandus opem? Quae Numina primum
    Mens insueta petet, tunc vani prodiga voti?
    Non falles Superos, nec te timor ille piabit.
    Obruet unda preces sonitu, vindexque per auras
    Ventus aget. Notae tangunt pia sidera voces.
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    Ioannis Barclaii Argenis. Liber IV.
    Capitulum I


     
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    M. TVLLII CICERONIS
    IN L. CALPVRNIVM PISONEM ORATIO


    cicero

    XVIII O di immortales! tune etiam atque adeo vos, geminae voragines scopulique rei publicae, vos meam fortunam deprimitis, vestram extollitis, cum de me ea senatus consulta absente facta sint, eae contiones habitae, is motus fuerit municipiorum et coloniarum omnium, ea decreta publicanorum, ea conlegiorum, ea denique generum ordinumque omnium quae non modo ego optare numquam auderem sed cogitare non possem, vos autem sempiternas foedissimae turpitudinis notas subieritis? An ego, si te et Gabinium cruci suffixos viderem, maiore adficerer laetitia ex corporis vestri laceratione quam adficior ex famae? Nullum est supplicium putandum quo adfici casu aliquo etiam boni viri fortesque possunt. Atque hoc quidem etiam isti tui dicunt voluptarii Graeci: quos utinam ita audires ut erant audiendi; numquam te in tot flagitia ingurgitasses. Verum audis in praesepibus, audis in stupris, audis in cibo et vino. Sed dicunt isti ipsi qui mala dolore, bona voluptate definiunt, sapientem, etiam si in Phalaridis tauro inclusus succensis ignibus torreatur, dicturum tamen suave illud esse seque ne tantulum quidem commoveri. Tantam virtutis vim esse voluerunt ut non posset esse umquam vir bonus non beatus. Quae est igitur poena, quod supplicium? Id mea sententia quod accidere nemini potest nisi nocenti, suscepta fraus, impedita et oppressa mens, bonorum odium, nota inusta senatus, amissio dignitatis.
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    M. ANNAEI LVCANI BELLI CIVILIS LIBER NONVS


    dissiluit stringens uterum membrana, fluuntque uiscera; nec, quantus toto de corpore debet, effluit in terras, saeuum sed membra uenenum                  775 decoquit, in minimum mors contrahit omnia uirus. quidquid homo est, aperit pestis natura profana:                   779 uincula neruorum et laterum textura cauumque                  777 pectus et abstrusum fibris uitalibus omne morte patet. manant umeri fortesque lacerti,                  780 colla caputque fluunt: calido non ocius Austro nix resoluta cadit nec solem cera sequetur. parua loquor, corpus sanie stillasse perustum: hoc et flamma potest; sed quis rogus abstulit ossa? haec quoque discedunt, putrisque secuta medullas                  785 nulla manere sinunt rapidi uestigia fati.
    ...


    tertius Hippomedon ualida ad certamina tardos molitur gressus; namque illum corde sub alto                705 et casus Phlegyae monet et fortuna Menesthei. erigit adsuetum dextrae gestamen, et alte sustentans rigidumque latus fortesque lacertos consulit ac uasto contorquet turbine, et ipse prosequitur. fugit horrendo per inania saltu                710 iamque procul meminit dextrae seruatque tenorem discus, nec dubia iunctaue Menesthea uictum transabiit meta: longe super aemula signa consedit uiridesque umeros et opaca theatri culmina ceu latae tremefecit mole ruinae:                715 quale uaporifera saxum Polyphemus ab Aetna lucis egente manu tamen in uestigia puppis auditae iuxtaque inimicum exegit Vlixen.
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    STATIVS: THEBAID VI


     
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    Dutch

    POEMATA, PARS I, p. 275-358

    At vos belligerae, quibus inter tela globosque Contigit oppetere, & pulchra succumbere morte, Ite, decus terrarum, animae; camposque tenete Elysios placidasque domos habitate piorum. (185) Illic & Decios inter, fortesque Camillos Tercentum immixti Fabiis errate, creberque Manibus occurset Paulus. conjungite dextras Miltiadi, & coram magni Philopaemenis ora Et Nicias spectate, & quotquot Roma cadentes (190) Vidit, & assertae civili sanguine Thebae.
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    CASPAR BARLAEUS


     
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    11_01gpop


    Marte satos alii fratres regesque superbos
    Cantent, gesta ducum multaque bella virum,
    Ter centum Fabios, Catulos fortesque Camillos,
    Africa sive quibus nomen in orbe dedit,
    Aut Marios, Decios, Curios geminosve Catones,
    Marcellum, Sullam Fabriciumque gravem,
    Pompeiosque duos vel Caesaris ardua gesta,
    Quosve dedit claros Punica terra duces,
    Aut fortem iuvenem, deceptam cernere cuius
    Porsena non potuit mitis in igne manum,
    Seu celebrent illum, cui post sua terga revulsus
    Pons erat, Etruscis cognitus ense viris!
    Te solum, rex magne, canam, Sigismunde, tuosque,
    Dent modo textrices stamina longa deae.
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    AD SIGISMUNDUM DEPRECATIO


     
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    pillars
    THE CLASSICS PAGE at Ad Fontes Academy
        ET IN ARANEA EGO . . .


    XVIII] O di immortales! tune etiam atque adeo vos, geminae voragines scopulique rei publicae, vos meam fortunam deprimitis, vestram extollitis, cum de me ea senatus consulta absente facta sint, eae contiones habitae, is motus fuerit municipiorum et coloniarum omnium, ea decreta publicanorum, ea conlegiorum, ea denique generum ordinumque omnium quae non modo ego optare numquam auderem sed cogitare non possem, vos autem sempiternas foedissimae turpitudinis notas subieritis? An ego, si te et Gabinium cruci suffixos viderem, maiore adficerer laetitia ex corporis vestri laceratione quam adficior ex famae? Nullum est supplicium putandum quo adfici casu aliquo etiam boni viri fortesque possunt. Atque hoc quidem etiam isti tui dicunt voluptarii Graeci: quos utinam ita audires ut erant audiendi; numquam te in tot flagitia ingurgitasses. Verum audis in praesepibus, audis in stupris, audis in cibo et vino. Sed dicunt isti ipsi qui mala dolore, bona voluptate definiunt, sapientem, etiam si in Phalaridis tauro inclusus succensis ignibus torreatur, dicturum tamen suave illud esse seque ne tantulum quidem commoveri. Tantam virtutis vim esse voluerunt ut non posset esse umquam vir bonus non beatus. Quae est igitur poena, quod supplicium? Id mea sententia quod accidere nemini potest nisi nocenti, suscepta fraus, impedita et oppressa mens, bonorum odium, nota inusta senatus, amissio dignitatis.
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    M. TVLLI CICERONIS IN L. CALPVRNIVM PISONEM ORATIO


     
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    [XXVIII] Mittis ergo homines in errorem certissimum, neque hoc tantum malum te pudet, cum uirtutis et sapientiae profitearis amatorem; quam si uere ac fideliter amasses, Christum Dei uirtutem et Dei sapientiam cognouisses nec ab eius saluberrima humilitate tumore inflatus uanae scientiae resiluisses. Confiteris tamen etiam spiritalem animam sine theurgicis artibus et sine teletis, quibus frustra discendis elaborasti, posse continentiae uirtute purgari. Aliquando etiam dicis, quod teletae non post mortem eleuant animam, ut iam nec eidem ipsi, quam spiritalem uocas, aliquid post huius uitae finem prodesse uideantur; et tamen uersas haec multis modis et repetis, ad nihil aliud, quantum existimo, nisi ut talium quoque rerum quasi peritus appareas et placeas inlicitarum artium curiosis,uel ad eas facias ipse curiosos. Sed bene, quod metuendam dicis hanc artem uel legum periculis uel ipsius actionis. Atque utinam hoc saltem abs te miseri audiant et inde, ne illic absorbeantur, abscedant aut eo penitus non accedant. Ignorantiam certe et propter eam multa uitia per nullas teletas purgari dicis, sed per solum *patriko\n *nou=n, id est paternam mentem siue intellectum, qui paternae est conscius uoluntatis. Hunc autem Christum esse non credis; contemnis enim eum propter corpus ex femina acceptum et propter crucis opprobrium, excelsam uidelicet sapientiam spretis atque abiectis infimis idoneus de superioribus carpere. At ille implet, quod prophetae sancti de illo ueraciter praedixerunt: Perdam sapientiam sapientium et prudentiam prudentium reprobabo. Non enim suam in eis perdit et reprobat, quam ipse donauit, sed quam sibi arrogant, qui non habent ipsius. Vnde commemorato isto prophetico testimonio sequitur et dicit apostolus: Vbi sapiens? ubi scriba? ubi conquisitor huius saeculi? Nonne stultam fecit Deus sapientiam huius mundi? Nam quoniam in Dei sapientia non cognouit mundus per sapientiam Deum, placuit Deo per stultitiam praedicationis saluos facere credentes. Quoniam quidem Iudaei signa petunt et Graeci sapientiam quaerunt; nos autem, inquit, praedicamus Christum crucifixum, Iudaeis quidem scandalum, gentibus autem stultitiam, ipsis uero uocatis Iudaeis et Graecis Christum Dei uirtutem et Dei sapientiam; quoniam stultum Dei sapientius est hominibus, et infirmum Dei fortius est hominibus. Hoc quasi stultum et infirmum tamquam sua uirtute sapientes fortesque contemnunt. Sed haec est gratia, quae sanat infirmos, non superbe iactantes falsam beatitudinem suam, sed humiliter potius ueram miseriam confitentes.
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    Augustinus, De civitate dei X


     
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    nav_earth_on


    Edite Sardois infelix rector habenis.
    Cerne agedum quam parva tuam discrimina vitam
    A cupidis prohibent undis. Non arma ferocem,
    Non vis ulla iuvat. Timidos fortesque severa
    Torquet hiems. Totus fati, totusque deorum es.
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    Retiarius: Commentarii Periodici Latini


     
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    larger-cambridge-companion


     

     
     
     
     
     

    Fortesque Baron (Sciences)


     


     

     

    Jherek Carnelian's Museum

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    The Time Machine
     
     
    Machine Swirled Finish Limitless adjustment features A richer tone Less vibration Absorbs excess heat from coils Weight: 6.7 to 7.3 oz. T6511 Cold Rolled Machined Billet Aircraft Aluminum No Permeable Casted Materials Used!
    Frame Features:
    Lightweight Aluminum Right or Left Handed Sliding Spring Saddle Sliding Front Binder (Liner or Shader) Slotted Coil Mounts Three Point Pull Type GUILLOTINE (tube vise)

     
     
     

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    Baron Fortesque, your basic mad scientist, built a machine to tamper with, as they say, "the very fabric of space and time." It's not clear exactly what the device was supposed to do, but what it actually did--and here's a bit of history I bet you didn't know--was transform all of England into a bizarre, savage landscape teeming with armored green mutants sporting really awful teeth. Since today's Brits are, for the most part, largely non-green and unarmored (though some might argue that the teeth are still a problem), it's obvious someone stepped in to restore the UK we all know and love. Stranger things have happened.
    "Cycle tracks will abound in Utopia." H. G. Wells (1866-1946)


     

    SOMETIME LATE IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY one  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

    Fortescue series (Sciences)

     
    FORTESCUE SERIES

    The Fortescue series consists of very deep, very poorly drained soils in the Lower Coastal Plain. These soils formed in silty marine sediments over organic material around the larger lakes. Slopes range from 0 to 2 percent. Near the type location, mean annual temperature is about 62 degrees F., and mean annual precipitation is about 52 inches.

    TAXONOMIC CLASS: Fine-silty, mixed, active, acid, thermic Cumulic Humaquepts
    TYPICAL PEDON: Fortescue silty clay loam--cultivated. (Colors are for moist soil unless otherwise stated.)
    Ap--0 to 10 inches; black (10YR 2/1) silty clay loam; moderate medium granular structure; friable; common fine and medium roots; few fine pores; extremely acid; clear smooth boundary. (5 to 40 inches thick)
    AB--10 to 21 inches; black (10YR 2/1) silty clay loam; moderate medium and coarse subangular blocky structure; friable; common fine and medium roots; few fine vesicular pores; extremely acid; gradual smooth boundary. (0 to 15 inches thick)
    B--21 to 31 inches; black (10YR 2/1) clay loam; moderate coarse prismatic structure parting to strong medium subangular blocky; friable; slightly sticky; slightly plastic; common fine and medium roots; few fine vesicular pores; few fine very pale brown (10YR 8/4) pockets of wood ash; extremely acid; clear wavy boundary. (0 to 15 inches thick)
    2Oa1--31 to 39 inches; black (10YR 2/1, broken face and rubbed) sapric material; about 5 percent fibers, less than 1 percent rubbed; moderate medium subangular blocky structure ; friable; slightly fluid; few fine and medium roots; many very pale brown (10YR 7/4) pockets and distontinuous layers of wood ash; common logs and stumps; extremely acid; gradual wavy boundary.
    2Oa2--39 to 55 inches; dark brown (7.5YR 3/2, broken face and rubbed) sapric material; about 5 percent fibers, less than 1 percent rubbed; moderate medium subangular blocky structure; friable; moderately fluid; slightly sticky; common medium and coarse roots; common logs and stumps; extremely acid; clear smooth boundary. (Combined thickness of the 2Oa horizon is 20 to 52 inches)
    3Ab--55 to 61 inches; black (10YR 2/1) very fine sandy loam; massive; friable; extremely acid.
    TYPE LOCATION: Hyde County, North Carolina; about 0.3 miles east of the intersection of State Road 1305 and State Road 1311; 240 feet north of State Road 1311 on farm path; 50 feet west of farm path on north bank of east-west running ditch; Fairfield NW USGS topographic quadrangle; lat. 35 degrees 32 minutes 12 seconds N. and long. 76 degrees 10 minutes 12 seconds W.
    RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS: The surface mineral horizons range from 16 to 40 inches thick. The underlying organic horizons range from 8 to more than 52 inches thick. The soil ranges from extremely to strongly acid throughout, except where the surface has been limed. The underlying mineral horizons of some pedons may be moderately acid or slightly acid.
    The Ap or A horizon has hue of 10YR to 5Y, value of 2 or 3, and chroma of 0 to 2. Texture of the Ap or upper A horizon is very fine sandy loam, loam, silt loam, or mucky loam. The lower A horizon is silt loam, loam, or silty clay loam.
    The 2Oa horizons have hue of 2.5YR to 5Y or are neutral, value of 2 or 3, and chroma of 0 to 4. The organic material ranges from weak blocky structure in the upper layers to massive in the lower layers. Stumps, logs, and fragments of charcoal are common throughout the 2Oa horizons of most pedons.
    The 3Cg horizons are stratified grayish or greenish sands, loamy sands, and sandy loams.
    COMPETING SERIES: There are no other series listed in the same family.
    GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: Fortescue soils are on nearly level surfaces of 0 to 2 percent around large lakes in the lower Atlantic Coastal Plain. They formed in silty lacustrine sediments deposited over organic material. Elevations range from 1 to 10 feet above sea level. The mean annual temperature ranges from about 61 to 65 degrees F., and the mean annual precipitation ranges from about 50 to 54 inches near the type location.
    GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS: These include the Belhaven, Engelhard, Hydeland, Pasquotank, Ponzer, Scuppernong, Weeksville and Wysocking series. Belhaven, Ponzer, and Scuppernong soils have organic material at the surface and are located on slightly lower landscapes. Engelhard, Hydeland, Pasquotank, and Weeksville soils are mineral soils but lack buried organic horizons. In addition, Englehard, Pasquotank, Weeksville and Wysocking soils are coarse-silty.
    DRAINAGE AND PERMEABILITY: Very poorly drained; slow runoff; moderately slow permeability in the upper mineral horizons and moderately slow to moderately rapid in the organic horizons. The water table is within 12 inches of the surface for 4 to 6 months during most years.
    USE AND VEGETATION: About one-half of these soils have been cleared and are used for corn, soybeans, pasture, and truck crops. Natural vegetation consists of mixed hardwood species. The common species are sweetgum, (Liquidambar styraciflua), red maple (Acer rubrum), yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera), southern baldcypress (Taxodium distichum), willow oak (Quercus phellos), water oak (Quercus nigra), and sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana).
    DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT: The Lower Coastal Plain of North Carolina and perhaps Virginia around large lakes. The soils are thought to be associated with the formation of lakes. They are of small extent.
    MLRA OFFICE RESPONSIBLE: Raleigh, North Carolina
    SERIES ESTABLISHED: Washington County, North Carolina; 1979.
    REMARKS: These soils would have been classified as Alluvial in the 1938 classification. They were formerly mapped as a phase of the Hyde series. These soils are tentatively classified in the fine-silty family since a strongly contrasting particle-size class of fine-silty over muck is not recognized in soil taxonomy. These soils would be Thapto-Histic if such a subgroup was provided under Humaquepts.
    Diagnostic horizons and soil characteristics recognized in the typical pedon are:
    Umbric epipedon - the zone from the surface to a depth of 26 inches (Ap and A horizons)
    Aquic conditions - observed endosaturation from the surface to a depth of 74 inches (all horizons)
    MLRA(s): 153A, 153B
    TABULAR SERIES DATA: SOI-5 Soil Name Slope Airtemp FrFr/Seas Precip Elevation NC0124 FORTESCUE 0- 2 61- 64 200-260 50- 54 1- 10

    SOI-5 FloodL FloodH Watertable Kind Months Bedrock Hardness
    NC0124 RARE 0-0.1 APPARENT DEC-MAY 60-60
    SOI-5 Depth Texture 3-Inch No-10 Clay% -CEC-
    NC0124 0- 6 L SIL MK-L 0- 0 100-100 7-27 3- 17
    NC0124 6-26 L SIL SICL 0- 0 100-100 18-35 4- 12
    NC0124 26-64 MUCK 0- 0 - 0- 0 20- 95
    NC0124 64-74 VAR - - - -
    SOI-5 Depth -pH- O.M. Salin Permeab Shnk-Swll
    NC0124 0- 6 3.5- 5.5 2.-12 0- 0 0.6- 2.0 LOW
    NC0124 6-26 3.5- 5.5 1.-5. 0- 0 0.2- 0.6 LOW
    NC0124 26-64 3.5- 5.5 20-95 0- 0 0.2- 6.0 LOW
    NC0124 64-74 - - - -



    National Cooperative Soil Survey
    U.S.A.

     
    LOCATION FORTESCUE NC
    Established Series
    Rev. RLV:AG
    06/2000
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

    Michael Fortescue (Sciences)

    Research Centre for Linguistic Typology

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    http://search.latrobe.edu.au/search/index.cgi?query=fortescue&x=33&y=13&collection=Latrobe

    Fortescue2

    Distinguished Fellow Profile
    Professor
    Michael Fortescue




    Group Photo of 2001 Workshop Participants
    2001
    From Left to Right:

    Back Row:
    Prof Randy LaPolla, Dr Tim Curnow, Connie Dickinson, Prof Ago Künnap, Dr Elena Maslova,
    Prof. Lars Johanson,
    Prof Michael Fortescue, Dr Willem J. De Reuse, Dr Vjacheslav Chirikba
    Middle Row:
    Pilar Valenzuela, Prof. Brian Joseph, Prof. Sally McLendon, Prof. Victor Friedman
    Front Row:
    Ms Abby Chin, Prof Sasha Aikhenvald, Prof Bob Dixon

    http://www.latrobe.edu.au/rclt/Workshops/2001/2001photopage.htm




    The Department of General and Applied Linguistics
     University of Copenhagen
    Njalsgade 80, DK-2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark.
    Phone: +45 353 286 40, Fax: +45 353 286 35

    ku-logo3






    IAAS -- Institut for Almen og Anvendt Sprogvidenskab -- IAAS


    Michael Fortescue
    Email: mf@cphling.dk
    Office: 5.1.15
    Direct Phone: (+45) 353 286 67
    Department of Eskimology
    University of Copenhagen
    Strandgade 100H
    1401 Copenhagen K
    Denmark

    Present research: Preparation of the 2nd edition of the Comparative Eskimo Dictionary 
    Since the appearance of the first edition of the Comparative Eskimo Dictionary (see 1994b above), much new lexical material has come to light that needs to be integrated into the projected second edition of this large dictionary (1st edition: 630pp.). This includes new data on 'Naukanski' Yupik from the Asian side of Bering Strait, gathered from informants and field workers by the co-editors at Alaska Native Language Center, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, which is currently being organized into an independent dictionary of that lexically poorly represented variety of 'Siberian' Eskimo.   
    From Canada there is new data from Arctic Quebec (partly based on the native Inuktitut-Inuktitut dictionary of Taamusi Qumaq), and material for a comprehensive dictionary of the western Canadian dialects by Duncan Pryde. This was left in the hands of the Institute of Eskimology after the author's recent death specifically for the purpose of integrating the hitherto unpublished data there into the CED (there was only limited access to part of it for the first edition). It is in the form of several thousand library cards with hand-written - but reliable - entries for a wide range of Canadian Inuit dialects and sub-dialects. This is a particularly welcome addition, since the western Canadian dialects have been relatively under-documented until recently and since they are much more conservative than the easterly Inuit dialects they are important for the comparative endeavour: individual forms from Pryde's material have confirmed a number of suspected cognates and caused the reformulation of others. There is also new East Greenlandic data to be integrated. 
     
    Besides filling the lacunae in the dictionary for these languages/dialects, there are numerous adjustments, additions and corrections to the dictionary that need to be made at this point (including the expansion of the indexes). In the process nearly two hundred new proto-Eskimo (or proto-Inuit or proto-Yupik) cognate sets have already been unearthed or separated out. The wide range of semantic change from Proto-Eskimo to the modern dialects is also intended as a resource for the general study of language change and is not only aimed at specialists. The format is devised to make reference easy also for 'ordinary' speakers of these languages interested in the historical sources of the words they use. In principle the dictionary can be used to check the etymology of - for example - any modern West Greenlandic word that is also found in the related languages of North America; with the new additions the coverage and detail will be significantly enhanced.

    The AFU and Urban Legend Archive Language

     





















     

    tafkac

    eskimo words for snow derby

    From: sderby@crick.ssctr.bcm.tmc.edu (Stuart P. Derby) Newsgroups: alt.folklore.urban Subject: Eskimo words for Snow Date: 2 Nov 1994 22:54:58 GMT
    Discussion
    Does "Eskimo" REALLY have some megaboss number of words for snow? Well that depends on what "megaboss" means, of course. And it also depends on what language you decide is "Eskimo". The dialects spoken by coastal native peoples from the east of Siberia to Greenland are classed as Eskimo, but many scholars divide them into two languages, Yupik and Inuit, with some scholars further sub-dividing these dialects. Inuit (also called Inupik) is the best candidate from a folkloric point of view, being spoken most widely, from Greenland to northeastern Alaska, having been written earlier (1742), having about twice as many speakers, and having had longer and greater contact with "Western Civilization". (Greenlandic Inuit contains 4 words borrowed from medieval Norse.[1])
    Another complication to the issue is simply the notion of "word". Languages vary quite drastically in how the base units of meaning (morphemes) are combined into words, if they're combined at all, and our common notion of "word" needs clarifying. For example, in English, are "book" and "books" two SEPARATE words? I would guess that most of us would think not. (What about "book", "handbook", "guidebook", "workbook"?) However, many languages are "isolating", wherein one word corresponds to one element of the situation, and would use two separate words to say "books". A speaker of such a language might well regard "book" and "books" as two separate words. The Eskimo languages are at the other extreme, and are the prototypical example of a polysynthetic language[2], wherein one word contains several elements of the situation. This allows very complex ideas to be expressed in one word, e.g. 'tikitqaarminaitnigaa' "he(1) said that he(2) would not be able to arrive first"[1].
    Thus "my snow", "your snow", etc., would each be one word in Inuit, a stem form with a possessive affix. The Eskimo languages use derived words extensively, and there are fewer than 2,000 base stems in the West Greenlandic dialect[1] With all that said, I'll just present some word lists and let everyone come up with their own opinion...
    10 words for ice and snow from Labradoran Inuit[3]
    This word list is extracted from an Eskimo to English "dictionary" and is definitely not comprehensive. This was the worst such compilation I have ever worked with; among other problems, the compilers' attempts to alphabetize things, even short indices, failed miserably (e.g. "snow" before "seasons"). Consider also this from the preface:
    Be it noticed beforehand that the Eskimo are not agreed in the use of their language with reference to many words -- not only that in the South here and there other expressions are used, and also that to many a word another meaning is given than in the North, but even in one and the same place not infrequently such differences are found. And frequently the female sex has again its peculiar expressions. With regard to the latter, not much notice has been taken in composing this dictionary, because the men often only laugh about them; ...

    1. 'ice' sikko
    2. 'bare ice' tingenek
    3. 'snow (in general)' aput
    4. 'snow (like salt)' pukak
    5. 'soft deep snow' mauja
    6. 'snowdrift' tipvigut
    7. 'soft snow' massak
    8. 'watery snow' mangokpok
    9. 'snow filled with water' massalerauvok
    10. 'soft snow' akkilokipok
    49 words for snow and ice from West Greenlandic[4]
    This word list is taken from a book on West Greenlandic grammar is almost certainly not comprehensive. I've entered the list as it appears in Fortescue's "West Greenlandic". Note that in Fortescue 'q' corresponds to 'k' in Peck.
    1. 'sea-ice' siku (in plural = drift ice)
    2. 'pack-ice/large expanses of ice in motion' sikursuit, pl. (compacted drift ice/ice field = sikut iqimaniri)
    3. 'new ice' sikuliaq/sikurlaaq (solid ice cover = nutaaq.)
    4. 'thin ice' sikuaq (in plural = thin ice floes)
    5. 'rotten (melting) ice floe' sikurluk
    6. 'iceberg' iluliaq (ilulisap itsirnga = part of iceberg below waterline)
    7. '(piece of) fresh-water ice' nilak
    8. 'lumps of ice stranded on the beach' issinnirit, pl.
    9. 'glacier' (also ice forming on objects) sirmiq (sirmirsuaq = Inland Ice)
    10. 'snow blown in (e.g. doorway)' sullarniq
    11. 'rime/hoar-frost' qaqurnak/kanirniq/kaniq
    12. 'frost (on inner surface of e.g. window)' iluq
    13. 'icy mist' pujurak/pujuq kanirnartuq
    14. 'hail' nataqqurnat
    15. 'snow (on ground)' aput (aput sisurtuq = avalanche)
    16. 'slush (on ground)' aput masannartuq
    17. 'snow in air/falling' qaniit (qanik = snowflake)
    18. 'air thick with snow' nittaalaq (nittaallat, pl. = snowflakes; nittaalaq nalliuttiqattaartuq = flurries)
    19. 'hard grains of snow' nittaalaaqqat, pl.
    20. 'feathery clumps of falling snow' qanipalaat
    21. 'new fallen snow' apirlaat
    22. 'snow crust' pukak
    23. 'snowy weather' qannirsuq/nittaatsuq
    24. 'snowstorm' pirsuq/pirsirsursuaq
    25. 'large ice floe' iluitsuq
    26. 'snowdrift' apusiniq
    27. 'ice floe' puttaaq
    28. 'hummocked ice/pressure ridges in pack ice' maniillat/ingunirit, pl.
    29. 'drifting lump of ice' kassuq (dirty lump of glacier-calved ice = anarluk)
    30. 'ice-foot (left adhering to shore)' qaannuq
    31. 'icicle' kusugaq
    32. 'opening in sea ice imarnirsaq/ammaniq (open water amidst ice = imaviaq)
    33. 'lead (navigable fissure) in sea ice' quppaq
    34. 'rotten snow/slush on sea' qinuq
    35. 'wet snow falling' imalik
    36. 'rotten ice with streams forming' aakkarniq
    37. 'snow patch (on mountain, etc.)' aputitaq
    38. 'wet snow on top of ice' putsinniq/puvvinniq
    39. 'smooth stretch of ice' manirak (stretch of snow-free ice = quasaliaq)
    40. 'lump of old ice frozen into new ice' tuaq
    41. 'new ice formed in crack in old ice' nutarniq
    42. 'bits of floating' naggutit, pl.
    43. 'hard snow' mangiggal/mangikaajaaq
    44. 'small ice floe (not large enough to stand on)' masaaraq
    45. 'ice swelling over partially frozen river, etc. from water seeping up to the surface' siirsinniq
    46. 'piled-up ice-floes frozen together' tiggunnirit
    47. 'mountain peak sticking up through inland ice' nunataq
    48. 'calved ice (from end of glacier)' uukkarnit
    49. 'edge of the (sea) ice' sinaaq
    Conclusions
    Does Eskimo have some megaboss number of words for snow? It depends on how you count, but they certainly have more than English.
    Some miscellany.
    While English "igloo" meaning 'snow house' comes from Inuit, "iglo" (or "illu") more generally means 'house' or home' in most dialects. Sometimes houses are constructed of peat[3,4]. English "kayak" comes from Intuit "qayaq" (means the same)[3,4]. The stereotypical Eskimo name Nanook corresponds to "nanuq" 'polar bear'[4].
    Scholars sure do have understated ways of sniping at each other: "In fact Bourquin's tendency to describe the Labrador dialect by quoting at length from Kleinschmidt's description of Greenlandic is unavoidably a major methodological impediment for present-day researchers.[5]"
    References
    [1] Encyc. Britannica,15th Ed.,1984, ISBN 0-85229-413-1.
    Macropaedia Vol. 6, p962-964, "Eskimo-Aleut Languages". [2] Historical Linguistics: An Introduction, 1973, Winfred P. Lehman,
    ISBN 0-03-078370-4.p46-49
    [3] Eskimo-English Dictionary: Compiled from Erdman's Eskimo-German
    Edition of 1864, 1925, Rev. Edmund J. Peck, D.D. (C.M.S. Missionary, Apostle to the Eskimos). We don't need no stinkin' ISBN! [4] West Greenlandic,1984,
    Michael Fortescue. ISBN 0-7099-1069-X [5] Eskimo Languages: Their Present Day Conditions, 1979,
    Basse&Jensen, eds., p.94.
    Stu "just the faqs, ma'am" Derby



    Etudes Inuit Studies
    home


    Vol. 5 hors série / Special issue (1981)
    The language of the Inuit: Historical, phonological and grammatical issues
    FORTESCUE, Michael Endoactive-exoactive markers in Eskimo-Aleut, Tungus and Japanese: An investigation into common origins
    DORAIS, Louis-Jacques
    Some notes on the language of East Greenland
    RISCHEL, Jørgen
    Greenlandic as a three vowel-language
    KAPLAN, Lawrence
    On Yupik-Inupiaq correspondences for ï: A case of Inupiaq innovation
    CREIDER, Chet
    Place of articulation assimilation and the Inuktitut dialect continuum
    SMITH, Lawrence R.
    Passive as a two-cycle process in Inuktitut
    DENNY, Peter J.
    The logical semantics of only, tuaq, innaq and tuinnaq
      ...




    NYHEDER FRA DET GRØNLANDSKE HUS I ÅRHUS

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    Ønsker du at modtage nyhedsbrevet med posten bedes du rette henvendelse til en 
    af vores kultur- og informationsmedarbejdere.
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    ...

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    Etudes Inuit Studies

    hus2_full


    Nyhedsbrev fra Det Grønlandske Hus i Århus Nr. 1 Januar 2001    3. årgangµ


    Oqaasileriffeeraq ? sproghjørnet
    Den forsvundne lampe og andre ord.
    Det almindelige, grønlandske ord for en lampe er egentlig et sært ord. Qulleq betyder i dag en lampe, uanset om det er en elektrisk lampe, en petroleumslampe, eller en gammeldags tranlampe. Det sære ved ordet er, at det bogstavelig talt betyder "den øverste". Det er sammensat af stammen *qut- der betyder "oppe" (jf. qummut, opad, qutsinneq, den der er øverst, qulaa, ovenpå)  og tilhænget ?leq der betyder "den, der er mest i den retning". Jf. avalleq, den yderste, kujalleq, den sydligste, ilorleq, den inderste).
    Der er en god og praktisk forklaring på, at en lampe på grønlandsk kaldes "den øverste". I de gamle sten- og tørvehuse i Grønland, og i de canadiske snehytter havde man et system med ikke mindre end tre slags lamper. En lampe nede på gulvet, tæt ved det hul, hvor man kravlede ind i huset fra husgangen. Denne lille lampe blev kaldt alleq, "den nederste". En stor lampe, der stod oppe på en forhøjning ved briksen, blev brugt til både at varme huset og koge mad over. Denne lampe kaldes qulleq, "den øverste", og det er dette ord, der er bevaret. Den tredje lampe blev kaldt kilulleq, "den inderste". Denne lille lampe stod i en niche i væggen ved fodenden af briksen (kilu), så kvinder, der sad på briksen og syede, også kunne få lys bagfra. 
    Men det virker som om der mangler et ord for selve begrebet en lampe. Findes der et eskimoisk ord, der betyder lampe, uanset hvilken størrelse og hvor den er placeret i huset? Ja, vi skal som altid til Det Store Moderland Alaska for at få en forklaring. I bygderne på Seward Halvøen, og i landsbyerne langs Kotzebue Sound og op langs de mægtige floder Kobuk og Noatak hedder en lampe den dag i dag naneq. 
    Da grønlændernes forfædre, Thulefolket, for ca. 800 år siden vandrede mod øst og bemægtigede sig hele den arktiske kyst fra Alaska over Canada til Grønland, havde de utvivlsomt ordet naneq med i deres sproglige bagage. Men af en eller anden grund forsvandt ordet naneq ud af sproget, og man brugte kun tilføjelsen qulleq, den øverste, alleq, den nederste, kilulleq, den inderste som betegnelse for de forskellige slags lamper. 
    Men lampe-ordet naneq sneg sig alligevel med og eksisterer også i det moderne sprog. I østgrønlandsk hedder en lampepind naneriit. Det er den pind, man bruger til at passe vægen i en tranlampe med. Pinden blev også brugt som en lille prås, en fidibus, en lille fakkel til at tænde andre lamper med, eller til at tænde en pibe tobak. Derfor er det ikke så mærkeligt, at et stearinlys på vestgrønlandsk i dag hedder naneruut. Dette kan være det oprindelige ord for lampepind, som så er blevet brugt alene som betegnelse for et stearinlys. Mens lampepinden har fået nyt navn; taqqissuut.

    * * *  Thulefolkene kogte ofte deres mad i en gryde af fedtsten, der blev hængt op over lampen med snore i hvert hjørne af gryden. En gryde kaldes i dag i Vestgrønland for iga. Men heller ikke her er dette det oprindelige ord. Den oprindelige betydning af iga er ikke en gryde, men det lille køkkenrum, man sommetider byggede i husgangen, så det kun var husmoderen, der skulle døje med røgen og osen fra kogelampe eller bål. I moderne vestgrønlandsk hedder et sådant lille køkkenrum igaleq. 

    I Østgrønland hedder en gryde uutsit, og allerede i Canada møder vi ordet ukkusik for en gryde, og dette ord bruges i dag hele vejen vestover til Alaska, hvor udtalen er utkusik. Men ikke i Vestgrønland, hvor ukkusik jo er blevet erstattet med iga. 
    Og alligevel kan vi finde gryde-ordet ukkusik som en blind passager i vestgrønlandsk, nemlig i ordet ukkusissaq, der betyder "fedtsten", men er sammensat af ukkusik+ssaq = materiale til en gryde. I Thule har de deres helt egen udtale af ukkusissaq, nemlig ukkuhikhaq, men det er det sædvanlige med folk i Thule, der siger -h-, hvor almindelige mennesker siger -s-.
    Disse ord for lampe og gryde er typiske eksempler på, at Thulefolket ved udvandringen i Alaska omkring år 1200 startede med et fælles sprog, som vi i dag kalder inupik, i modsætning til de helt anderledes eskimoiske sprog yupik i det sydlige Alaska  og det østligste Sibirien, og aleutisk på de Aleutiske Øer. 
    Canada til Grønland medførte ændringer i udtale, ordforråd og grammatik. Undervejs mødte Thulefolket så forskellige økosystemer, at både deres teknik og deres sociale kultur måtte tilpasses de nye forhold, og det kan ikke undgå at give sig til kende også i sproget. 
    Nogle mennesker har søgt at forklare de nuværende forskelle mellem dialekterne i inupik-sproget ved at påstå, at andre sprog har blandet sig med inupik under vandringen mod øst. Fx at østgrønlandsk er så forskelligt fra vestgrønlandsk, fordi østgrønlandsk skulle indeholde elementer af de gamle Dorset-folks sprog. Det er en spændende tanke, men den holder ikke.
    Som vi har set i ovenstående eksempler, og som masser af andre eksempler kan vise, er det de samme gamle ordstammer, der bruges overalt i inupik, men med små skift i betydning og anvendelse. Hvis der virkelig skulle være Dorset-sprog blandet ind i østgrønlandsk, så ville vi finde ordstammer i østgrønlandsk, der slet ikke kan genfindes i de andre dialekter, og det er ikke tilfældet.
    SK Se selv efter: Frantz Boas: The Central Eskimo, 1888 (1964). Robert E. Spencer: The North Alaskan Eskimo, 1959. Donald H. Webster & Wilfred Zibell: Iñupiat Eskimo Dictionary, 1970. Jonathan Petersen: OrdbogêraK, 1951. Erik Holtved: Polar Eskimo Etnography, 1967.  Michael Fortesque: Inuktun, en introduktion til Thulesproget, 1991. Grønlands Landsmuseum: Gustav Holm Samlingen, 1985. Chr. Berthelsen m.fl.: Oqaatsit, 1990.      ...








    Vol. 12 nos 1-2 (1988)
    L'oeuvre de Knud Rasmussen / The work of Knud Rasmussen

    Thule and Back: A Critical Appraisal of Knud Rasmussen's Contribution to Eskimo Language Studies
    Michael Fortescue
    Résumé: Aller-retour de Thulé: un examen critique de la contribution de Knud Rasmussen aux études de langue inuit. Cet article examine la valeur linguistique des textes et des données lexicales publiés par Rasmussen. Bien que Rasmussen n'avait pas de formation en linguistique le matériel qu'il a recueilli chez les divers groupes qu'il a rencontrés constitue un ensemble de données de première importance pour les études linguistiques contemporaines. Pour plusieurs dialectes canadiens, les textes de Rasmussen forment le corpus le plus étendu de matériel écrit et sont remarquables tant par la quantité de détails phonétiques qu'ils révèlent que par leur valeur ethnographique. Ils apportent également des matériaux d'une grande richesse aux études comparatives de changement diachronique en ce qui concerne la phonologie, la syntaxe, le lexique ainsi qu'à l'étude des relations inter-dialectales.
    Abstract: Thule and Back: A Critical Appraisal of Knud Rasmussen's Contribution to Eskimo Language Studies. This article addresses the question as to the linguistic value of the texts and lexical data published by Knud Rasmussen. Although Rasmussen lacked formal training in linguistics, the material brought back by him from the various groups he worked with represents a rich source of primary data for continuing linguistic research. For many Canadian dialects, the texts published by Rasmussen represent the most extensive written material available and the wealth of phonetic detail they contain as well as their ethnographic value are impressive. They also constitute valuable material for comparative studies of diachronic change - as regards phonology, syntax and lexicon - and dialectal interrelationships within the Eskimo language family.`
     

     

    Vol. 19 no 2 (1995)
    Histoire, sémantique / History, semantics

    Michael Fortescue
    Résumé: La source historique et la position typologique de l'ergativité dans les langues esquimaudes.
    Cet article propose un scénario qui ne prend pas de parti théorique pour rendre compte de la forme ergative en groenlandais de l'Ouest et en d'autres langues esquimaudes. On analyse les couches successives de la morphologie transitive qui cachent la situation originelle. Il s'agit essentiellement de présenter, en termes diachroniques simples, le parallélisme entre les flexions verbales transitives et celles de la forme nominale possessive qui a suscité de nombreux débats théoriques dans le passé.
    Abstract: The historical source and typological position of ergativity in Eskimo languages.
    This article presents a theory-free scenario for the genesis of the ergative clause in West Green-landic and other Eskimo languages. The successive historical layers of tran-sitive verbal morphology that obscure the original situation are analysed. The aim is to account in simple diachronic terms for the paral-lelism between tran-sitive verbal inflection and possessed nominal inflections that has led to so much theoretical controversy in the past.



    Vol. 8 no 2 (1984)
    Organisation sociale et politique / Political and social organization

     
    ROSTAING, Jean-Pierre
    Native regional autonomy: the initial experience of the Kativik Regional Government
    MARY-ROUSSELIERE, Guy
    Une remarquable industrie dorsétienne de l'os de caribou dans le nord de Baffin
    SCHEFFEL, David
    From polygyny to cousin marriage? Acculturation and marriage in 19th century Labrador Inuit Society
    DUFOUR, Rose
    L'otite chez les enfants inuit: une question de mode alimentaire?
    FORTESCUE, Michael The origin of the I-Dialect phenomenon in Greenland
    DORAIS, Louis-Jacques
    La recherche sur les Inuit du Nord québécois: bilan et perspectives
    PAINE, Robert J. and R. GRAHAM
    Non-hierarchical alternatives in northern resource management

     









     

    Etudes Inuit Studies

     

     
     

    Etudes Inuit Studies

     
     
     
    The historical source and typological position of ergativity in Eskimo languages

     

    Etudes Inuit Studies

     

    Art, Music, Languages


    atulogo
    (red): From the Writings of the Greenlanders
    0912006439

     

     

    Michael Fortescue



    245 pages. 178,00 Dkr.




    Sat 03 Oct 1992
    Date: Tue, 29 Sep 92 10:26:39 BSE-Mail Addresses
    From: Mary Tait <
    mtait@ling.edinburgh.ac.uk>
    Subject: E-Mail Addresses

    Does anyone know of an email address for
    Michael Fortescue?

    Does anyone know of an email, or a snail mail, address for Knut
    Bergsland?

    Thanks, Mary Tait

    Mon 14 Oct 1991
    Date: Fri, 11 Oct 91 18:46:59 -0700
    From: Michael Barlow <
    barlow@ucselx.sdsu.edu>
    Subject: Re: 2.645 Pronouns
    Kelly Wahl asks for references on constructions of the
    form "we with/and X" with the meaning 'X and I'. Linda
    Schwartz has several papers on this construction, which
    she calls Plural Pronoun Constructions (PPC). In Schwartz
    (1988) she notes that some version of the PPC occurs in
    Latvian, Polish, Russian, Bulgarian, Hungarian, Kp>elle, Mende,
    Temne, Diola-Fogny, Ewe, Kirundi, Tera, Tagalog, Mokilese,
    Yapese, Hawaiian, and Fijian.
    Judith Aissen also has written about PPCs, but I don't
    have a reference. I only have two references for Linda
    Schwartz, but I think there are other papers.
    I find interesting the cases where the plurality is expressed
    as an agreement marker on the verb. (Schwartz and Aissen, among
    others, have also looked at these examples.) My favourite examples
    come from West Greenlandic where one of the conjuncts can be absent.
    Hansi=lu aqagu aalla-ssa-agut
    Hansi and tomorrow leave-FUT-1.PL.INDIC
    'Hansi and I will leave tomorrow.' (
    Fortescue 1984:128)
    Michael Fortescue 1984. West Greenlandic. Croom Helm Descriptive Grammars.
    Croom Helm
    Linda Schwartz 1985 Plural pronouns, coordination, inclusion. Papers
    from the Tenth Minnesota Regional Conference on Language and Linguistics.
    Dept of Linguistics. University of Minnesota.
    Linda Schwartz. 1988. Asymmetric feature distribution in pronominal
    'coordination' In Barlow and Ferguson (eds) Agreement In Natural Language.
    Stanford: CSLI.
    Michael Barlow
    Linguistics, CSU San Marcos

    Sat Nov 14 1998
    Michael Fortescue, Steven Jacobson, and Lawrence Kaplan, editors), JONATHAN DAVID BOBALJIK

    Sat May 9 1998

    Date: Fri, 8 May 1998 14:06:48 -0500 (CDT)
    From: Hilary Adrienne Young <
    hilaryy@ruf.rice.edu>
    Subject: Inuktitut Spatial Terms

    I was hoping someone out there could help me with my research. I'm
    beginning a project on Inuktitut spatial terms and am looking for any
    resources that might be useful. In particular, I'll be exploring the
    'in front of'/'behind' relation in a Cognitive Grammar framework.

    I have Spalding's Inuktitut grammar,
    Fortescue's West Greenlandic
    grammar, Denny's article on spatial deixis, and I know of Cornillac's
    'Systematiqye des contructions lexicales en inuktitut', Paillet's
    'Deixis et representation de l'espace en Inuktitut' and Lowe's 'De
    l'espace au temps en Inuktitut'.

    If anyone knows of other resources on spatial terms in eastern arctic
    languages (or related), I'd appreciate hearing from you.

    Finally, if anyone knows
    Michael Fortescue's e-mail address, could
    they please pass it on to me.

    I look forward to hearing from you.

    Sincerely,

    Hilary Young
    Rice University
    hilaryy@ruf.rice.edu

    Thu Oct 26 1995
    Date: Thu, 26 Oct 1995 16:22:25 Sum (2): Historical Data Sets
    From: "Jack Wiedrick" <
    WIED6480@VARNEY.IDBSU.EDU>
    Subject: Sum (2): Historical Data Sets I have had several comments, references, and appenda sent to me since I put out the last summary, so I thought I should put out one more to tie up all the loose ends. I appreciate everyone's help in finding the data sets.
    Fortescue, Michael D. et al. 1994. _Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: with Aleut cognates_. Alaska Native Language Center, U of Alaska, Fairbanks. ISBN: 1555000517. LCCN: 94-024177. (I know nothing of the contents of this book, except that there are purported to be Eskimo cognate lists in dictionary format.)
    ...


    Thu 26 Aug 1993
    Date: Fri, 20 Aug 93 14:43:03 -0Summary: Coordination of null pronominal
    From: Karen Wallace <
    wallace@COGNET.UCLA.EDU>
    Subject: Summary: Coordination of null pronominal
    Many thanks to everyone who responded to my question about references
    and data on coordination of a null pronominal with a nonnull NP.
    My interest is motivated by the presence of this phenomenon in Crow
    (Siouan) and its apparent rarity elsewhere.

    The following people offered judgments, data, and discussion: Henning
    Andersen (Russian), Lars Borin (Finnish), Richard Cameron (Spanish),
    Clancy Clements (Spanish), Alexis Dimitriadis (Greek), Picus Sizhi Ding
    (Chinese), Kevin Donnelly (Scottish Gaelic), David Gil (Hebrew, Tagalog,
    Russian), Jorge Hankamer (Turkish), Fran Karttunen (Finnish), Laila
    Lalami (Classical and Moroccan Arabic),
    siegel@lili3.uni-bielefeld.de
    (Japanese), Tang Sze Wing (Cantonese), and Larry Trask (Turkish).

    It seems that in most of these languages, if there is NP coordination
    distinct from comitative "with", it is impossible to coordinate the
    null pronominal with an overt NP. The one exception to this was
    Scottish Gaelic, in which the facts are similar to Irish; Cantonese
    is another possible exception (more data is needed).

    However, many people offered data and suggestions regarding a similar
    construction involving comitative "with". In many null pro languages,
    it is possible to say something like "with Terry left[1pl]", meaning
    either "Terry and I left" or "Terry and we left". (In this regard,
    note that NP coordination in Crow is quite distinct syntactically from
    the construction which translates comitative "with").

    The following references were suggested (from Michael Barlow, Jim
    McCloskey, Louise McNally,
    siegel@lili3.uni-bielefeld.de, and Thomas
    Mueller-Bardey):

    - on West Greenlandic:
    Fortescue 1984:128 in "West Greenlandic".
    - several papers by Schwartz, for example "Asymmetric Feature
    Distribution in Pronominal Coordination, in Barlow and Ferguson
    (eds. 1988) Agreement in Natural Language, CSLI.
    - Aissen 1989 (Language 65.3) for references and discussion of this
    phenomenon in Tzotzil.
    - Jaklin Kornfilt ... had a ms. from around 1990 or 1991 ... she
    (unlike Aissen) analyzes the Turkish counterpart of this construction
    as a symmetric coordination ... Aissen argues instead that the "pro"
    is plural rather than singular.
    - McCloskey reanalyzed some of his data in light of Aissen and
    Schwartz's work in an unpublished ms. which is also cited in the
    Aissen paper.
    - Schwartz, Linda 1988, "Conditions for verb-coded coordinations".
    Michael Hammond et al. (eds.),
    Amsterdam: Benjamins (TSL, 17); pp. 53-73.
    - Kameyama (1985): "Zero Anaphora: The Case of Japanese".
    - McCloskey: a subsequent paper about Old Irish in the Festschrift
    for Bill Shipley edited by Sandy Chung and Jorge Hankamer.
    - the recent work by Josef Aoun, Dominique Sportiche and
    Elias Benmamoun on (some varieties of) Arabic.

    Anyone who would like to see a longer summary of the responses
    can get one by sending me a request. I'd also be happy to discuss
    the construction further with anyone who is interested.

    Karen Wallace
    wallace@cognet.ucla.edu

    Thu 09 Dec 1993
    Date: Sun, 5 Dec 93 15:20:20 ESTAcquisition of native lgs.
    From: Ron Smyth <
    smyth@lake.scar.utoronto.ca>
    Subject: Acquisition of native lgs.
    Recently I asked subscribers for references on the acquisition of native
    languages of Canada. Thanks to Shanley Allen, Victor Golla, Lynne
    Hewitt, Kumiko Murasugi, David Parkinson, and Dean Mellow (I hope I've
    mentioned all of the respondents) for the following:
    Fortescue , Michael . Learning to speak Greenlandic: a case study of a two-year-old's morlogy in a polysynthetic language", in First Language 5, 101-114.


     

    Functional Grammar and the demise of the representation

    Michael Fortescue
    Department of Eskimology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark


    Persistent signals from contiguous cognitive disciplines suggest that static representations of 'meaning' may be devoid of any psychological reality, but linguists engaged with their models and modules continue blithely about their business as before. Does it really matter how such things are actually instantiated in the mind/brain? I believe it does matter, at least for linguistic models such as FG which take psychological adequacy seriously. Just as the 'emics' of our grammatical models should mesh with the 'etics' of the pragmatic deployment of language, so they should be capable of meshing with the results coming in from neurolinguistics and cognitive psychology.
    The news seems to be that linguistic behaviour does not, as linguists have long assumed, start with some fully determinate representation of a chunk of reality tagged for a discrete intentional illocution (or result in such a structure during comprehension). Neither 'chunks of reality' nor 'intentions' are fully determinate and thus available for deterministic representation. Although linguistic models can only have an indirect, metalinguistic relationship to the dynamic reality of brain/mind activity, some approaches will be better able to adjust to new Chaos-infused views of cognition than will others. Now might be the time to reconsider the direction one's particular bandwagon is creaking along in.
    In order to spell out some of the consequences for Functional Grammar in particular, I shall examine a standard FG representation of a single contextualized utterance. It seems a priori doubtful that the formal structures of FG could tell us anything much about how an utterance might, for instance, be stored in individual memory. Nevertheless, it can be argued that its layered predicational structure, understood in a certain way, is a pretty accurate indication of what kind of information needs to be integrated into pre-existing memory schemata on receipt of an utterance. The last stage on the FG 'conveyor belt' (in the comprehension mode) can be envisaged not as a full semantic representation but as a continuation beyond the end of the belt where all the disassembled nuts and bolts of the grammatical scaffolding fall away to leave just a handful of 'bracketed' and unlabelled content words (or gestures towards their phonological realization). Such a contextually interpretable congeries of instructional information could be stored as such, converted to other (sensory) modalities, or subjected to inferencing processes.

    This prose sampler from West Greenland reveals a century-old independent literary tradition, the rich written expression of an ancient and succesful culture. Linguist Michael Fortescue compiled these excerpts to demonstrate the range of Greenlandic writing and make works in this flourishing language more accessible to English speaking readers.
    In English and Greenlandic language.

     


     

    LINGUIST List 3.743

     

    Message 2: E-Mail Addresses
     

     

    LINGUIST List 2.648

     

    Message 3: Re: 2.645 Pronouns
     



     

    LINGUIST List 9.1600

     

    BOOK REVIEWS
    Comparative Eskimo Dictionary with Aleut Cognates (
     



     

    LINGUIST List 9.677

     

    Message 4: Inuktitut Spatial Terms 

     

    LINGUIST List 6.1506

     

    Message 1: Sum (2): Historical Data Sets
     
    ...
    New References:
     

     

    LINGUIST List 4.636

     

    Message 1: Summary: Coordination of null pronominal
     




     

    LINGUIST List 4.1041

     

    Message 1: Acquisition of native languages of Canada.
     
    8. Fortescue, Michael & Lise Lennert Olsen. 1992. The acquisition of West Greenlandic. In: D. I. Slobin (ed.), The Crosslinguistic Study of Language Acquisition. Volume 3. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Pp.111-219.
    9.
     
     
     
     
     
     





     
     
     

     www.mis.coventry.ac.uk

    Espace

    Martin Fortescue (Sciences)


    (aerg.canberra.edu.au)

    B.App.Sc. M.App.Sc. PhD [UC]martin_fortescue

    Current Position: Operations Manager, Booderee National Park.
    Thesis Topic: Oceanographic change and breeding success of the Little Penguin on Bowen Island, Jervis Bay.
    Research Interests: Endangered species (small mammals), rehabilitation of debilitated aeas, weed management and control.
    Contact: Tel: 044 421034 [International: +61 6 044 421034] Fax: 044 421063 [International: +61 6 044 421063] Email: fortescue@aerg.canberra.edu.au www: http://aerg.canberra.edu.au/pub/aerg/staff/stuforte.htm
    Postal Address: Booderee National Park, Village Road, Jervis Bay, NSW 2540, Australia

     

     
     

    Dr Martin Fortescue

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    banner4

     
     

    Martin Fortescue

     

     
    martin_fortescue

    Endangered species (small mammals), rehabilitation of debilitated aeas, weed management and control.
     
    The Effect of Oceanographic Change on the Breeding Success of the Little Penguin on Bowen Island, Jervis Bay.
     

    M.App.Sc. (1991) Applied Ecology Research Group, University of Canberra
     
    PhD Candidate, Applied Ecology Research Group, University of Canberra
     
    Jervis Bay National Park Australian Nature Conservation Agency Village Road JERVIS BAY NSW 2540
    Phone National: 044 421034; International: +61 6 044 421034
    Fax National: 044 421063; International: +61 6 044 421063

    Applied Ecology Research Group
    Conservation Biology & Native Species Research

    Background
    Interest in protecting native plant and animal species has intensified in the last few decades. Both scientists and the general public have realized that the threats to wildlife have increased, with many species facing the possibility of extinction. Conservation biology, which was developed to deal with these issues, requires an interdisciplinary approach. We need to study ecology, to know how the species interacts with its environment so that key elements of its environment can be protected or manipulated to ensure the species survival. We need to know something of the demographic processes leading to extinction, so that those processes and the factors influencing them can be manipulated to stem or reverse a species' decline. If species are to be conserved in the context in which they evolved, so that they have the potential to persist in the long term and to continue to evolve and speciate, then we need to learn something of their population genetics.
    Relevant information must be presented in a useful form to those in a position to decide policy and direct resources. Managers seeking to achieve conservation objectives must weigh the advantages of conserving a species against the competing interests seeking to exploit the species or its habitat. Research undertaken by the Applied Ecology Research Centre is designed to provide increased understanding of species biology, especially where this is relevant to conservation, and to provide this information in a form readily usable by agencies with a responsibility for species conservation.
    Of a lower priority, but perhaps equally important in the longer term, is research directed at fundamental understanding of the biology of the Australian biota, whether or not they are in decline. As an island continent, Australia has a flora and fauna characterised by a high level of endemism. The fourteen families of marsupials are found in Australia and New Guinea, but nowhere else. We have the platypus and echidnas, the lyrebirds and scrub-birds, a spectacular radiation among the kingfishers, the pygopodid lizards, a snake fauna dominated by the elapidae, the pig-nosed turtle, two major radiations of frogs and a high level of endemicity among our freshwater fishes. Similar and equally striking examples could be provided from the flora.
    The Gondwanal origins of the Australian continent also have had a profound influence on the composition of the flora and fauna. From a northern hemisphere perspective, the Australian biota is unusual indeed.
    Long-standing isolation, Gondwanal origins and a dry and highly variable climate pervading much of the continent, provide many opportunities for studying evolution and ecology, opportunities that are unavailable to biologists on other continents.
    The major thrust of many of the projects in this programme is to conduct research on the ecology, evolution and systematics of native species and so contribute to fundamental knowledge of the Australian fauna and flora and to theoretical frameworks which underpin our understanding of animal and plant biology.
    Projects
    Many projects conducted by staff and postgraduates of the Applied Ecology Research Group are centred on species or issues of conservation priority or management relevance. They include studies of recently established populations of the small macropod Bettongia pennicillata, conservation biology of the endangered pink-tailed legless lizard Aprasia parapulchella, population genetics of insular lizards following recent and not so recent habitat fragmentation, ecology and management of penguins at Jervis Bay, distribution and ecology of the rare pig-nosed turtle, ecology and management of Australian birds of prey, and the conservation of declining amphibian populations in the Australian Alps.
    Projects of less immediate relevance to conservation but important nevertheless because of their contribution to fundamental understanding of the biology of the Australian biota include studies of the effect of Aboriginal harvests on reproductive parameters of magpie geese, ecology of Australian birds of prey, comparative diets of tree-rats in the Kimberlies, patterns and processes of regeneration in butterbush, biochemical systematics and evolution of Australian turtles, identification of cryptic species of frogs of the Alps and reptiles, ant-lizard relationships, and temperature-dependent sex determination in reptiles.
    Profile
    The research progam has a national profile through its links to priority areas identified by the Commonwealth and State governments and funded through their agencies. For example, research is or has been funded through the
    Endangered Species Progam of the Australian Nature Conservation Agency;
    parks and conservation agencies of the ACT, New South Wales, the Northern Territory, Victoria and Queensland;
    Australian Alps National Parks Liaison Committee;
    ACT Planning Authority;
    ACT Electricity and Water.
    Through this research, the Group has built up a national reputation for conducting targeted conservation-related research in its particular areas of expertise, and is now regularly approached directly by agencies to take a leading role in such research.
    Progam Leader
    Dr Will Osborne, [Reptiles and Amphibians]
    Other Research Staff
    Dr Arthur Georges, [Wildlife Biology]
    Dr David Williams, [Vegetation Ecology]
    Mr Gerry Olsen, [Raptor Biology]
    Dr Anne Kerle (Alice Springs), [Small Mammals]
    Dr Ken Green (Kosciusko), [Small Mammals]
    Dr John Harris, [Environmental Education]
    Dr John Dearn, [Population Genetics]
    Dr Jim Hone, [Wildlife Management]
    Visiting Research Fellows
    Prof. Terry Graham, (1994,96) [Turtle Biologist]
    Prof. Brad Shaffer, (1995,96) [Molecular Biologist and Herpetologist]
    Dr Rod Kennett, (1996) [Wildlife Biologist]
    Current Postgraduate Students
    Kerry Beggs, [Honours, TSD in field nests of Carettochelys]
    Sean Doody, [PhD, TSD in field nests of Carettochelys]
    Virginia Ebsworth, [Honours, penguin ecology]
    Lisa Evans, [PhD, riparian vegetation dynamics]
    Martin Fortescue, [PhD, penguin ecology]
    Jeff Foulkes, [PhD, brushtail possums]
    Enzo Guarino, [Honours, water dragons]
    David Hunter, [Masters, corroboree frogs]
    Sandra ones, [PhD, legless lizards]
    David Judge, [Masters, the Sydney tortoise]
    Michael Smith, [Honours, ###]
    Scott Thomson, [Masters, chelid morphology and systematics]
    Paul Wallace, [Masters, ###]
    Former Postgraduate Students
    Sarah Broomhall, [Honours, frog declines]
    Simon Holloway, [Masters, Gippsland Frogs]
    Robert Jansens, [Honours, earless dragons]
    Mutjindi Katjiua, [Masters, trees and native pasture]
    Art Langston, [Honours, earless dragons]
    Neil McElhinney, [Masters, Green and Gold Bellfrogs]
    Tony Richards, [Honours, Phragmites ecology]
    Wayne Robinson, [Masters, ant-lizard relationships]
    Michelle Walters, [Honours, pigmy possum]
    Donna Nunan,[Honours, legless lizards]
    Sharon Kilgour [Honours, terrestrial migration in freshwater turtles]
    Suzanna Podrika [Honours, environmental contaminants and sex determination in reptiles]
    Soma Trenggana, [Masters, Indonesian rhino] Fiona Beynon [Honours, oxygen consumption in turtle eggs]
    Michaela Sraml [Masters, waterfowl systematics]
    Sandra Jones, [Honours, legless lizards]
    Nick Dexter [Masters, Aboriginal harvests of Magpie Geese]
    Martin Fortescue [Masters, Penguin breeding biology]
    Civa Morton [Honours, diet of tree rats]
    Flywell Munyenyembe [Masters, urban bird distribution]
    Wayne Murray, [Masters, koalas]
    Lyn Nelson, [Masters, woylies]
    Stephen Sarre, [Masters, insular lizards]
    Doug Wahl, [Masters, flying foxes]
    Selected Publications
    DEXTER, N. and BAYLISS, P. (1991). The effect of experimental clutch harvest on numbers of magpie goose nests and juvenile recruitment. Wildlife Research 18:533-538.
    GEORGES, A. (1989). Female turtles from hot nests: Is it amount of development or duration of incubation at high temperatures that matters? Oecologia, Berlin 81:323-329.
    GEORGES, A. and ADAMS, M. (1992). A phylogeny for the Australian chelid turtles based on allozyme electrophoresis. Australian Journal of Zoology 40:453-476.
    GEORGES, A. (1994). Setting conservation priorities for Australian freshwater turtles. Pp: 49-58 in Lunney, D. and Ayers, D. (eds). Herpetology in Australia -- A Diverse Discipline. Trans. Roy. Soc. NSW Surrey Beatty ad Sons, Chipping North.
    GEORGES, A., STOUTJESDIJK, R. and LIMPUS, C.J. (1994). Hatchling sex in the marine turtle
    Caretta caretta is determined by proportion of development at a temperature not daily duration of exposure. Journal of Experimental Zoology 270:432-444.
    KENNETT, R., GEORGES, A. and PALMER-ALLEN, M. (1993). Early developmental arrest during immersion of eggs of a tropical freshwater turtle,
    Chelodina rugosa (Testudinata: Chelidae), from northern Australia. Australian Journal of Zoology 41:37-45.
    GEORGES, A. and ADAMS, M. (1996). Electrophoretic delineation of species boundaries for the short-necked chelid turtles of Australia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, London. In press.
    MUNYENYEMBE, F.E., HARRIS, J.A., NIX, H. and HONE, J. (1989). Determinants of bird distribution and abundance in suburban Canberra, Australia. Australian Journal of Ecology 14:549-557.
    OSBORNE, W.S. (1989). Distribution, relative abundance and conservation status of the corroboree frog
    Pseudophryne corroboree Moore (Anura: Myobatrachidae). Australian Wildlife Research 16:537-547.
    OSBORNE, W.S. and NORMAN, J.H. (1991). Conservation genetics of corroboree frogs,
    Pseudophryne corroboree Moore (Anura: Myobatrachidae): population subdivision and divergence. Australian Journal of Zoology 39:285-297.
    SARRE, S. and DEARN, J.M. (1991). Morphological variation and fluctuating asymmetry among insular populations of the sleepy lizard
    Trachydosaurus rugosus (Squamata: Scincidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 39:91-104.
    SARRE, S., DEARN, J.M. and GEORGES, A. (1994). The application of fluctuating asymmetry in the monitoring of wildlife populations. Pacific Conservation Biology 1:118-122.

     
     
     
     
    Unrefereed Journal Articles
    DEARN, J.M. (1992). Maintaining the quality of first year science teaching. Research and Development in Higher Education 15:367-374.
    FORTESCUE, M.E. (1992). Little Penguins and seagrass meadows. Australian Ranger Bulletin, Autumn 1992.
    GEORGES, A., CHOQUENOT, D., COVENTRY, A.J. and WELLINGS, P. (1989) A note on
    Carettochelys insculpta (Testudinata: Carettochelydidae) from northern Australia. Northern Territory Naturalist 11:8-11.
    GILLESPIE, G.R. and OSBORNE, W.S. (1994). Update on the status of the spotted tree frog (
    Litoria spenceri) in the Australian Capital Territory. The Victorian Naturalist 111:182-183.
    HARRIS, J.A.and DEARN, J.M. (1990). The challenge of teaching ecology. New Education 12:97-107.
    HONE, J. and STONE, C. (1989). A comparison and evaluation of feral pig management in two national parks. Wildlife Society Bulletin17:419-425.
    JONES, S.R. (1993). Pink-tailed legless lizards: One of Canberra's own. Bogong 14(3):9.
    KENNETT, R. and GEORGES, A. (1989). Turtles of the Top End. Northern Territory Naturalist 11:31.
    KRISTO, F. and
    FORTESCUE, M.E. (1991). At home with penguins. Birds International 2(1):50-58.
    OLSEN, J. (1990). Further thoughts on risk of accident and reversed sexual dimorphism in raptors. Australasian Raptor Association News 11:30-31.
    OLSEN, P. and OLSEN, J. (1990). Australian raptors. Eyas 13:22-24.
    OLSEN, P., MALLINSON, D. and OLSEN, J. (1990). The bird community of Mg Mugga, ACT: June 1982 to January 1986. Australian Bird Watcher 14:13-23.
    OLSEN, P.D. and OLSEN, J. (1989). Australia's Brown Falcon. Birds International 11(2):68-72.
    OSBORNE, W.S. (1990). Declining frog populations and extinctions in the Canberra region. Bogong 11:4-7.
    OSBORNE, W.S. (1992). Rare and endangered: The corroboree frog. Australian Natural History 1992:16-17.
    OSBORNE, W.S., KUKOLIC, K., DAVIS, M.S. and BLACKBURN, R. (1993). Recent records of the earless dragon
    Typanocryptis lineata pinguicolla in the Canberra region and a description of its habitat. Herpetofauna 23:16-25.
    OSBORNE, W.S., GILLESPIE, G.R. and KUKOLIC, K. (1994). The spotted tree frog
    Litoria spenceri: an addition to the amphibian fauna of the Australian Capital Territory. Victorian Naturalist 111:60-64.
    ROSS, T., OLSEN, P., OLSEN, J. and METCALFE, R. (1989). Incubation period of the collared sparrowhawk. Australian Bird Watcher 13:59-61.
     
     
     
    pplied Ecology Research Group
     
     
    Research Interest 
     
    Thesis Topic
     
     
    Qualifications 
     
    Current Positions
     
     
    Contact
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

     
     

     

     
     
     
     
    Conservation Biology & Native Species Research 
     
    Applied Ecology Research Group
     
     
     

    Fortescue Mann Publisher (Sciences)


    SV by Fortescue Mann Publisher Advertising on back

    im011994v

    im011993v


    Real photo stereoview card. Text on front sides reads: "
    Forteskue Mann Publisher of Stereoscopic Slides, 48 & 50 Elgin Avenue, London, W.
    Popular Series.
    Advertising is printed on back side.

    Stereoview is a bit faded.
    Good condition with a few spots.
    See scanned front & back.

    Fortescue Magnetite (Sciences)


     
     

    Fortescue magnetite deposits

     

     
    hditem2

    Fortescue (Cape Preston) - Integrated Steel Plant
    AUSTEEL PTY LTD
    The main focus of development of the Fortescue magnetite deposits is through the Austeel consortium, which is promoting an integrated 4Mt/a EAF steelmaking project utilising magnetic concentration, pelletising and DRI processes. The Austeel plan is to produce slab, hot-rolled and cold-rolled coil and galvanised steel. Development involves processing plants to be located near the minesite and linked to port facilities at Cape Preston. Detailed evaluation and environmental assessment commenced in late 1999/early 2000. Other projects based on the Fortescue deposits (being promoted by parent company Mineralogy) involve an export DRI/slab project and an export pellet project.
    Expenditure: $5b.
    Employment: Construction: 6000; Operation: 1650

     

     

     
    Iron Ore Processing 
     
    (www.drd.wa.gov.au)

    Dr John Fortescue (Sciences)


    CORRESPONDING MEMBERS

     







     
     

    COGEOENVIRONMENT

     

     
      
     
     
     
     
    USA
     
     

    Suite 40M
    1315 East Grand Avenue
    California
    92027
    ESCONDIDO
    760-489-8177 (Phone)
    760-489-8177 (Fax)
    Fortescu John Dr.
     
     

    Jenni Fortescue (Sciences)


     
    Braillists who are willing to Transcribe Examination Candidates' Papers from Braille to Print 
     
     
     
     
    The following individuals and organisations can be contacted to transcribe examination candidates’ papers from braille to print. A fee will be charged for this service (to be negotiated). Please note that the RNIB is not responsible for any individual’s contact with the people on this list.
    [In the following information, the name and address of the individual/organisation is given first then the conditions.]

    The Lodge Bungalow
    High Street
    Baldock
    Herts SG6 2BL
    Tel: 01462-892365
    Miss Ruth Bishop
    Straight English texts, including law Braille to print or vice versa No Maths/Science or Foreign Languages

    • 8 Stainsby Street
      St Leonards on Sea
      East Sussex
      TN37 6LA
      Tel: 01424-433060
      Theresa Burgess
    Text in English; maths, Not languages

    • Steve Nutt
      77 Exeter Close
      Stevenage
      Herts
      SG1 4PW
      Tel: 01438-742286 (voice)
      0956-334938 (mobile)
      01438-759589 (fax)
      Email: Steve@comproom.demon.co.uk
      Computer Room Services
    Texts in English; no maths or foreign languages

    • 3 King Dicks Lane
      St. George
      Bristol BS5 8HN
      Tel: 0117-955 7992
      Jenni Fortescue
    French, Spanish and any texts in English

    • 34 Settles Street
      Whitechapel
      London E1 1JP
      Tel: 0171-247 2414
      Martin Freshwater
    Maths (including tables and computer); any texts in English; no languages

    • 23 Masefield Avenue
      Upper Stratton
      Swindon
      Wilts SN2 6HT
      Tel: 01793-644346
      Judy Furse
    No Maths

    • Rivendell
      6 Prince’s Road
      Aylesbury
      Bucks HP21 7RZ
      Tel: 01296-437783
      Mrs Pamela Hanley
    French, German and any texts in English. No Maths

    • Mrs Maggie Dawson
      178 Castle Road
      Northolt
      Middlesex UB5 4SG
      Tel: 0181-864 7208
      E-mail: magray@argonet.co.uk
      MagRay Document Services
    No Maths, any text in English

    • 79 Duncan Road
      Crooks
      Sheffield S10 1SN
      Tel: 0114-268 5405
      Julie Smethurst
    No Maths; elementary French, and Spanish; any texts in English

    • Martine Brooks
      9 Pope Road
      Eynesbury
      St Neots
      Huntingdon
      Cambs
      PE19 2TG
      Tel and Fax: 01480-475249
      Trandat Services
    French and English
    January 1998
     
     

    Fortescue Group (Sciences)


    Tel:  61 2 6249 0593
    Fax: 61 2 6279 8253
    Canberra, ACT 0200
    Australia
    andrew.glikson@anu.edu.au
    copy to:
    aygsearch@cos.com.au
    ---------------------------------
    (1) IMPACT RESEARCH
        CURRENT ACTIVITIES/PROGRESS, June-August, 1998

    From Andrew Gilson <
    andrew.glikson@anu.edu.au>


    4. Mingar Dome, Pilbara Craton, Western Australia

    Field relations, Landsat-5-Thematic Mapper multispectral images
    and geophysical data were examined in connection with the
    near-perfectly circular 80 km-diameter large Mingar Dome, western
    Pilbara Craton, north western Western Australia, with the aim of
    elucidating its origin. The dome consists of Fortescue Group (2.76
    Ga) mafic volcanics and minor felsic volcanics and sediments
    unconformably overlying core inliers of granite (3.24 Ga),
    migmatite and amphibolite exposed by the Fortescue River at the
    center of the structure. Local pseudotachylite microbreccia vein
    systems occur immediately below the basal unconformity of the
    Fortescue Group on the Fortescue River, consisting of angular
    quartz grains and deformed feldspar and containing granitic
    fragments from the surrounding basement. No penetrative
    deformation lamella diagnostic of high velocity shock were
    observed, and the veins were possibly triggered by earthquakes. No
    direct evidence has been observed for a meteoritic impact
    connection of the Mingar Dome. A spin-off of the present study has
    been the Landsat-5-TM correlation and identification of a range of
    Fortescue Group and Hamersley Group volcanic and sedimentary rock
    types, allowing spectral fingerprinting of a range of lithological
    types, including separation of carbonates, shales, iron formations
    and a range of volcanic rock types using band ratios and principal
    components.

     
     



    E-Mail: chall@tsrc.uwa.edu.au
    Degree:Ph.D.
    B.Sc. (Hons) & M.Sc., Otago University, New Zealand

    Keywords:Sedimentology, Geochemistry, Fortescue Group, Archaean, Pilbara, Palaeogeography, Bellary Formation, Mount Roe Basalt, Hardey Formation
    Supervisors: Prof. Chris Powell & Dr. Annette George Tectonics Special Research Center

    Project Description
    Palaeogeography, sedimentology and tectonics of the Fortescue Group, southern Hamersley Province, Western Australia.
    The project aims to provide a palaeo-reconstruction of the southern margin of the Pilbara Craton approximately 2765 Million years ago when the Fortescue Group was deposited, unconformably, on the granite-greenstone terrane. This will be achieved by:
    Applying basin analysis techniques to the 3 lowermost formations of the Fortescue Group (Bellary Formation, Mount Roe Basalt and Hardey Formation) in order to determine distribution and facies.

    Palaeocurrent analysis and petrography of the Hardey Formation (quartz-rich sandstone) to determine provenance..
    Geochemistry of the Hardey Formation to determine provenance and combined with points (1) & (2) will set up a tectonic discrimination diagram for Archaean sandstones..
    Geochemistry (major and trace element) of basalt flows from the Bellary Formation and Mount Roe Basalt to determine tectonic setting..
    Provide an age for the Bellary Formation using zircons from a tuffaceous unit. Method of analysis will be by SHRIMP..

    Brief Summary of results to date
    Regional mapping of the Bellary Formation at 1:15,000 scale has identified a series of basalt flows intercalated with fluvial and lacustrine sediments .The base of the Bellary Formation is not seen, but is assumed to be unconformable with the Archaean Granite-Greenstone terrane.Basalt flows 1-4metres thick, with autobrecciated flow tops, at the base of the formation are overlain by upward fining turbidites (Tb-Td). Flute Casts within the turbidites indicate a source region to the east.A poorly sorted conglomerate, with well rounded boulders of granite, chert, banded chert and basalt overlies the turbidites but is not laterally continuous.Above the turbidites and conglomerate are more basalt flows with coarse, but well sorted, quartzose sandstones and very fine siliceous mudstones.
    The thickness of the Bellary Formation is approximately 400 metres. Preliminary geochemistry results indicate that the basalts have calc-alkaline to tholeiitic affinities.
    Conformably above the Bellary Formation is the Mount Roe Basalt, found only on the Bellary and Rocklea Domes. Two new locations of the Mount Roe Basalt have been identified on the Rocklea Dome. The distribution of the basalt on this dome may have been controlled by NNE trending growth faults, active during deposition of the lower Fortescue Group. Geochemistry results are similar to the Bellary Formation with calc-alkaline to tholeiitic affinities and LREE enrichment. More results are pending.
    The Hardey Formation is an extensive quartz-rich sandstone with localised conglomerates at the base. The base of the Hardey Formation is either unconformable with the basement or disconformable with the Mount Roe Basalt Restored palaeocurrent results from trough cross beds, parting lineations, flute casts and ripples indicate a source region from the east, north east. The average quartz composition from the Milli Milli and Rocklea Domes is 70-72 % with the remaining 30 ­28 % made up by plagioclase and K-feldspar. The Hardey Formation on the Bellary Dome has a higher component of quartz (83%) which is similar to the percentage of quartz in the Bellary Formation (82%). The percentage of heavy minerals is very low, and restricted to zircon, titanite, apatite and Fe-oxide minerals. These results suggest that the source the Hardey Formation was most likely of granitic origin.
    Initial palaegeographic reconstructions suggest that the lower Fortescue group was deposited in a non-marine environment such as an alluvial braid plane, at the onset of rifting approximately 2.76 Billion years ago. Normal faults active during the rifting formed graben and half-grabens which acted as local depocentres for the Bellary and Mount Roe Basalt. The disconformity between the Mount Roe Basalt and Hardey Formation indicates a pause in the rifting, followed by erosion of a granitic source to the east and deposition of a fluvial sandstone and silts. Conformably above the Hardey Formation are pillow basalts, basalts, volcanoclastic sediments and komatiites of the upper Fortescue Group.
    References
    Hall, C.E., Cooper, A.F., & Parkinson, D.L. (1995) Early Cambrian carbonatite in Antarctica. J.Geol.Soc.Lon. 152, 721-728
    Baxter, L.J., Chisholm, J.M. & Hall, C.E. (1993) Ore block modelling and structural geology: Their integration. In: Robertson,I., Shaw, W., Arnold, C., & Lines, K. (eds) Proceedings of the Internation Mining Geology Conference. 31-34

     
    Research School of Earth Science
    Institute of Advanced Studies
    Australian National University
     
     
     
     
     
     http://abob.libs.uga.edu/bobk/ccc/cc091498.html 
     

    Charlotte Hall

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

    Greg fortescue (Sciences)

     

    hometitle


    * In early July of 1998, a presentation of these guidelines was given for the National Coalition of Girls' Schools at the Castilleja School in Palo Alto, California. Greg Fortescue and Don Buckley of Marymount School of New York were the presenters.

     

     
    Student Webwork Committee 
     

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

     
    Purpose
    To create an oversight committee to review and approve student-created, web-ready work for publication on a school World Wide Web site.
     
     
     
     
     
    Greg Fortescue and Don Buckley can be contacted at:
    greg_fortescue@marymount.k12.ny.us
    don_buckley@marymount.k12.ny.us
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    StThomashall Lecture Hall
     
     
    Posted by GREG FORTESCUE on December 11, 1998 at 10:41:01:
    In Reply to:
    why posted by tom on October 08, 1997 at 14:18:06:
    : why did thomas quit talking, writting, etc. during the last several years of his life ?
     
     
     
     
     
     http://mobydicks.com/lecture/StThomashall/messages/67.html
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

    E.F.K Fortescue (Sciences)



    (Electronic version only)

    A CRITICAL HISTORY

    OF

    THE SABBATH AND THE SUNDAY

    IN THE

    CHRISTIAN CHURCH

    (SECOND EDITION, REVISED)

    BY A. H. LEWIS D. D., LL.D.,

    Author of "Biblical Teachings concerning the Sabbath and the Sunday," "History of Sunday Legislation", "Paganism Surviving In Christianity," etc., etc.

    Part II

     

     
     
     
     
     
     
     


    THE AMERICAN SABBATH TRACT SOCIETY,

    PLAINFLIELD, N. J., 1903.

    CHAPTER XVI.

    THE SABBATH IN THE EASTERN CHURCH.

     

     
     
     
     
    .....

     
     
    Another modern author testifies as follows:
    "It must not be forgotten that throughout the East, Saturday is looked on as a second Sunday. The Armenians keep Saturday is a day in honor of Almighty God the Creator of all things, and Sunday in commemoration of the new creation, brought about by the resurrection of our blessed Lord, Jesus Christ." (The Armenian Church, by E.F.K. Fortescue, p. 53. London, 1872.)
     
     
    .....


     
     
    Fortesque, E. F. K. The American Church. 222.
     

    Charles Legeyt Fortescue (Sciences)



    Awards
    Hitachi Ltd. establishes Kanai Award
    IEEE Fellow kits ready
    Applicants sought for
    Charles LeGeyt Fortescue Fellowship
     
    In the November issue...
     
     
     
     
     
    SPECIAL TO THE INSTITUTE:
    logo
    Charles LeGeyt Fortescue Fellowship

    Applications for the 1996-97 Charles LeGeyt Fortescue Fellowship are due Jan. 15, 1996. The fellowship is awarded to a beginning graduate student every other year, for one year of full-time graduate work in electrical engineering. The stipend is US$24,000. Graduate Record Examination aptitude and advanced engineering tests are required. Application forms may be obtained from the IEEE Awards Department, 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ, USA 08855-1331; tel: 1-908-562-3839; or fax: 1-908-981-9019; e-mail: "awards@ieee.org".



    Published monthly by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Inc.
    May 1998, Volume 86, Number 05
    [p. 1020]
    Charles L. G. Fortescue and the Method of Symmetrical Components,
    J. E. Brittain

    Candidate Profiles
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    Hitachi Ltd. establishes Kanai Award
     
     
     
    Applicants sought for

     

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     PROCEEDINGS OF THE IEEE 
     
    SCANNING THE PAST
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

    2000 Annual DPP Executive Committee Elections


     
    aps1
    Michael Mauel is Professor of Applied Physics and recently Chair of the Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics at Columbia University. His research expertise is experimental plasma physics, and he is known for his contributions to the achievement of enhanced stability and thermal confinement in tokamaks and for his studies of instabilities of hot-electron plasmas created by cyclotron heating. He was educated at MIT receiving his B.S. in 1978 and his Sc.D. in 1983. While at MIT, he received the Fortesque Fellowship from the IEEE and the Guillemin prize for his undergraduate thesis on MHD mode identification. Mauel conducted post-doctoral research at MIT’s Tara tandem mirror before joining the faculty of Columbia University in 1985. At Columbia, he focused on high-beta tokamak research and was awarded a Certificate of Appreciation by the Department of Energy in 1989. Mauel collaborated extensively with the TFTR research team, and he was a visiting scientist at DIII-D in 1994. At Columbia University, he built experimental programs in electron cyclotron plasma processing in collaboration with IBM and laboratory space physics with the support of NASA and the AFOSR. Presently, he is developing feedback techniques to control tokamak instabilities, studying interchange instabilities in rotating plasma confined by a strong dipole magnet, and co-directing the superconducting levitated dipole experiment being built at MIT. In 1994, Mauel was named Teacher of the Year, and his former graduate students are active in fusion science, solar physics, industrial technology, medicine, finance, and software development.
    Michael Mauel served on the Executive Committee of the DPP from 1989-1990, the DPP Program Committees in 1990 and 1997, and the Fellowship Committee in 1997. He was Divisional Associate Editor of Physical Review Letters from 1995-1998. He became a Fellow of the American Physical Society in 1995. Mauel has also served the University Fusion Association in several positions from 1992-1998, and he was president in 1997 and 1998. He was three times chair of the Selection Committee for the National Undergraduate Fusion Fellows. He has been member of five subcommittees of DOE’s Fusion Energy Science Advisory Committee including the Strategic Planning Committee that defined a restructured fusion science research program in 1996. Mauel co-chaired the 1999 Fusion Science Summer Study at Snowmass.

    IEEE has a wide category of recognitions and awards:
     
     
     
    Michael Mauel / Vice Chair
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

    WIE Subcommittees

     

     
     
     
     


    Senior Member Grade
  • Fellow Grade
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  • Visit the Home Page of IEEE Technical Activities
    Technical Activities Board and Society Awards.
  • Regional Activities Board - Section and Chapter Awards

  • The IEEE Awards/Fellow Activities Program
    For information on IEEE Awards visit the Awards/Fellow Activities Web Site. This site includes detailed information on the IEEE awards that include: Medal of Honor, Medals, Fellow Program, Technical Field Awards, Honorary Member, Service Awards, Corporate Recognitions, Prize Papers, and the Fortescue Fellowship. Also located at this site are IEEE Awards Sponsors and Recognition of Professional Achievement.
     
     
     
     
     
     

    Cecily fortescue (Sciences)



    was born in England and received a doctorate in languages from Oxford University.
    After four years as Associate Professor at London University she tired of teaching and left to Rome. It was ...(link expired)

    Cecily Fortescue