fortescue fish

Species Summary for Centropogon australis

pencil-color illustration based on actual specimen.
Yau, Bernard - 28.07.00


Locality: Gretas Reef
Date: 2006-12-20



Fortescue, Centropogon australis (White, 1790) - Australian Museum

A Fortescue at Shiprock, Port Hacking - Australian Museum

Eastern Fortescue2475-12_me


A Fortescue at a depth of 6m, La Perouse, Sydney, New South Wales, December, 1998.
Copyright © 1998 - 2005, australian museum online

A Fortescue at a depth of 5m, Fly Point, Nelson Bay, New South Wales.
Copyright © 1998 - 2005, australian museum online


Last updated 1 January 2001
A taxonomic Summary of Australian Freshwater Fish

A Taxonomic Summary of Australian Freshwater Fish

Capture d’écran 2011-07-30 à 11.05.30Capture d’écran 2011-07-30 à 11.05.55


Australian Scuba Diving Guide Books

Camp Cove: Camp Cove dive site is situated north of the beach along the shoreline to Lady Jane Beach. It's a popular site for scuba diving schools and beginners. The best time to dive this location is on a high tide, diver stands a good chance of having reasonably clear water. Enter the dive site alongside the old wharf and swim in a northerly direction (to your right hand side) along the reef edge toward Lady Jane Beach. Along the way you will encounter many interesting sea creatures-baby sea horses, numerous mados, small bream and snapper, some blue groper, fortesques and weedy sea dragons, plus numerous other macro creatures. Stay close to shore and do not surface too far out into the harbour because sail and motor boats pass close to shore.


Capture d’écran 2011-07-30 à 11.15.25

Notesthes robusta
Family Scorpaenidae
Joan O'Connor

The Bullrout (Notesthes robusta) is a member of the family Scorpaenidae and is found in estuaries along the eastern seaboard of Australia (Cameron and Endean 1966). This species causes severe and debilitating pain through the secretion of venom from twin venom glands associated with spines in the dorsal, ventral and anal fins (Grant 1978). Envenomation takes place when the spines puncture flesh, when the fish is stepped on, or when anglers attempt to disengage it from nets or lines. The resultant pain is described as intense and recommended treatments include the application of heat, administration of local anesthetics and analgesics with some of the victims requiring complete sedation in hospital (Sutherland 1983). Current literature is mainly descriptive of the fish and the painful effects of envenomation. Little, if any biochemical assessment has been carried out, consequently venom constituents are poorly understood at this time.
The family Scorpaenidae includes some of the most dangerous fish known (Kizer et al. 1985) and they are described by (Edmonds 1989) as resembling the perch and likened by (Keegan and Macfarlane 1963) to the Sea Bass. They have a characteristically large armoured head with sharp venomous spines on the fins. The number of spines in the fin areas vary from 11-17 and these become erect when the fish is aroused or threatened (Edmonds 1984). These fish vary in both form and colouration taking on the predominant colours of their environment. This means Scorpaenidae in tropical waters display brilliant reds, blues and yellows, such as the Butterfly cod - and those fish who inhabit rivers and estuaries such as N. Robusta display drab dark colours (Frey 1994). Known species include : Stonefish,
Fortesque, Lionfish, Firefish, and the Rock Cod.

Eastern Fortescue



Marine Envenomations

...There are lots of venomous creatures in Australia. This is intended to be a quick reference to the management of lifethreatening envenomations from these creatures...

Venom Actions
Locally acting toxins

Marine venoms commonly cause severe pain (stonefish, ray and fortescue in particular), and, if severe, ischaemia, cyanosis and necrosis.

Venomous Fish Stings and Stingray Spine Injuries

Resources for this page include "Dangerous Marine Animals of the Indo-Pacific Region" (Carl Edmonds, Wedneil Publications, 1978) and more recently "Venomous and Poisonous Marine Animals" (Williamson, Fenner & Burnett, UNSW Press, 1996), and numerous articles from the Medical Journal of Australia.
Non-tropical venomous fish in Australia inlcude catfish, stingrays and the fortescue.